Did you know that a group of cats is called a clowder? Another name for it is a glaring. Like other animals, specific terminology is used when referring to kitties.
Most people know that a juvenile cat is called a kitten. An old term for a kitten is catling! A litter of kittens may be called a kindle.
A female breeding cat is referred to as a queen. Rarely used, but accurate is the term Molly for a spayed female.
A male cat is called a Tom or tomcat. A neutered male may be correctly described as a gib, but that term is hardly ever used. I do see the term king used to describe a male on the Internet, but it is not an accurate term for a male cat.
The terms sire and dam may be used in a pedigree for father and mother, respectively.